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India needs to cut coal consumption by 2030 - IPCC

Coal News - Published on Wed, 10 Oct 2018

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ET reported that curbing consumer waste of major food crops like wheat, rice and vegetables and meats in India, China and USA can save enough food to feed nearly 41.3 crore people per year, or about one-third of India’s population, reveals a close look at the newly released landmark report on climate change. Released by the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations body that evaluates climate change science, the report further states that a billion more could be fed if food crop losses were halved. Apart from food security, the report also touches upon other key issues specific to India. Stating that women play an important role in climate-smart agriculture, the report calls for an urgent need to “correct the gender inequalities” in livestock sector in Indian villages. “Considerable gender biases exist in terms of accessing natural resources, extension and financial services, marketing opportunities and decision-making powers.”

Pointing out that women’s role in maintaining biodiversity is not recognised in agricultural and economic policy-making, the report states women lack access to important inputs like irrigation water, credit, tools and fertilizer. It said that “Women often have an important role to play because of their gendered indigenous knowledge on agricultural matters. Without access to land, credit and agricultural technologies, female farmers face major constraints in their capacity to diversify into alternative livelihoods. For agricultural mitigation strategies to be effective, local gender relations need to be taken into account.”

While the report stresses that improved cooking stoves can halt deforestation in rural India, it also states the country’s carbon stock can witness an increase of 11 per cent if the current rate of afforestation and reforestation continues.

The report highlights the ‘important role’ of farmers in dry lands like India that face severe challenges in building climate resilience. “In India, local farmers have benefited from watershed programmes across different agro-ecological regions. These low-cost measures often contribute to strengthened ecosystem resilience and biodiversity, increased agricultural productivity and food security.”

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Posted By : Rabi Wangkhem on Wed, 10 Oct 2018
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