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Ceremony Marks Start of Machine Assembly of ITER Reactor in France

Power News - Published on Mon, 03 Aug 2020

Image Source: ITER Reactor
The ceremony marking the start of the machine assembly of ITER, the international experimental tokamak nuclear fusion reactor, has taken place online. Russia plays a significant role in this project’s development, alongside the member states of the European Union, United States, India, China, South Korea, and Japan. The assembly and installation stage of a tokamak reactor is a momentous event for the global scientific community. ITER, as the world’s largest magnetic confinement plasma physics experiment, intends to reproduce the thermonuclear power of the sun on Earth for energy purposes. Once completed, it is hoped that ITER will provide mankind with a reliable and efficient source of energy for millions of years. The reactor operates on the principle of nuclear fusion and requires seawater and lithium as raw materials for its fuel.

ITER is an international experimental thermonuclear reactor based on the concept of a tokamak – a Soviet-developed device that uses a magnetic field to draw hot plasma into a torus (a revolving three-dimensional circle). One of the most prominent examples of international cooperation in the development of nuclear power, this scientific “mega project” intends to demonstrate that it is possible to control thermonuclear fusion on an industrial scale. The project is being developed by the member states of the European Union, alongside Russia, United States, India, China, South Korea, and Japan.

The idea of building an international fusion reactor was initially introduced in 1985 by Mikhail Gorbachev and supported by presidents Ronald Reagan and Fran?ois Mitterrand. ROSATOM is responsible for the fulfillment of Russia’s obligations in the framework of the ITER project. The “ITER Project Centre” coordinates all activities.

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Posted By : Yogender Pancholi on Mon, 03 Aug 2020
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