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Almost All US Coal Production Is Consumed For Electric Power - EIA

Coal News - Published on Wed, 12 Jun 2019

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EIA’s Monthly Energy Review showed that coal is one of the main sources of energy in the United States, accounting for 16% of its primary energy production in 2018. Nearly all of the coal consumed in the United States is produced domestically, and most is consumed by the electric power sector to generate electricity, while some is exported. EIA’s US coal flow diagram helps to visualize the overall view of US coal energy from supply production, imports, and stock withdrawals to disposition consumption, exports, and losses.

US coal production and consumption have both declined since their peaks of 1,172 million short tonnes in 2008 and 1,128 million short tonnes in 2007, respectively. In 2018, coal production reached 756 million short tonnes, the second-lowest level since 1978, and coal consumption fell to 687 million short tonnes, the lowest since 1978. Most of the coal produced in the United States is bituminous or subbituminous. Coal is classified into different types, or ranks, based on the amount of carbon it contains and how much heat energy it produces when combusted. Bituminous coal, which accounted for an estimated 47% of total US coal production in 2018, ranges from 45% to 86% carbon and is produced in states such as West Virginia, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Kentucky and Indiana.

Subbituminous coal, which accounted for an estimated 45% of production in 2018, ranges from 35% to 45% carbon, has a lower heating value than bituminous coal, and is mostly produced in Wyoming. Smaller amounts of lower-energy lignite 25% to 35% carbon and higher-energy anthracite 86% to 97% carbon coal are also produced in the United States. Not all coal produced in the United States is consumed domestically. Coal production typically exceeds consumption, and the United States has been a net exporter of coal since 1949, the earliest year of EIA’s coal trade data series. In 2018, US exports of coal totaled about 116 million short tonnes, the highest level since 2013. Less than 1% of total US coal consumption was imported from other countries in 2018.

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Posted By : Rabi Wangkhem on Wed, 12 Jun 2019
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